River gypsies in bangladseh
key word: gypsy, ethnic, nomadic, roam, tarpaulin, tents,remedy, vend, heal, talisman.
River gypsies are an ethnic group in Bangladesh. They are known as beady to local people. The guppies have their own lifestyle and culture. They live in groups and do not own any land. Therefore, they live a nomadic life travelling from one place to another. These people roam across our rivers and water from May to December in small country boats. These boats are their houses and these people a part of our waters. In winter, many water bodies dry up. At that time they return to the mainland and live in make-shift tarpaulin tents on open river banks. You can see their men relaxing in the tents. Toddlers play with dogs or other pets in the dust. Women offer idle away time by hair doing, picking off lice in twos or threes sitting in a row.
Throughout the monsoon, they remain busy with fishing. They also dive for natural pearls in waters. Sometimes, they camp for a couple of weeks. Men catch snakes and entertain people with snake charming and sell herbal cures. Women go from door to door to sell bangles, cosmetics and other things. They also try to heal pains of old people often by sucking out blood from their body.
Many villagers believe in the magical power of the gypsies. They can an evil spirit leave someone's body by magic or special Powers.
River gypsies in Bangladesh (2)
Key word: survive, used to, inherit, mainstream, petty, trick, integral, part, community settle, urbanize (v), urban (adj).
River gypsies in Bangladesh are heaving various problem. First, Bangladesh is urbanizing very papidly. Gypsies people are losing their customers in urban population. Hence, their income is threatened. Secondly, 24,000 kilometers of previous waterways has shrunk into only 6,000 kilometers in the country in dry season. Scientist believe that Bangladesh will be worst affected by global climate change. The unpredictable rain and drying out of rivers have made boat movement heavily restricted. Thirdly, many river gypsies are changing their lifestyle in the context of changed reality. They are thinking of loving permanently on land. The authority feels that river gypsies need help to survive in the mainstream population. Therefore, the government is offering voting right, permanent housing and bank loan facilities. However, changes do not co.e overnight.
Traditionally, river gypsies are used to water life. They have no education and training to adapt to mainstream modern society. So the authority feels the need and bring them under formal education network. But they have no permanent living place. Gypsies children are born and brought up on roaming boats. Therefore, they cannot go to conventional schools. And hence, mobile boat-school are coming up for gypsy children. Some voluntary organizations are running special schools on boats to educate river gypsy children in some areas.